|Journal of Research in Agricultural Science
An International Journal
Guide for Authors
Types of contribution
1. Original research papers
2. Short communications
Original research papers should report the results of original research. The material should not have been previously published elsewhere, except in a preliminary form.
A Short communication is a concise but complete description of a limited investigation, which will not be included in a later paper. Short communications should be as completely documented, both by reference to the literature and description of the experimental procedures employed, as a regular paper. They are 2 to 4 printed pages (about 5 to 10 manuscript pages, including figures, tables and references).
Submission of manuscripts
Submission of an article is understood to imply that the article is original and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Submission also implies that all authors have approved the paper for release and are in agreement with its content. Upon acceptance of the article by the journal, the author(s) will be asked to sign a "Journal Publishing Agreement" (for more information on this and copyright see (http;//jras.khuisf.ac.ir) . Journal of Research in Agricultural Science uses an online, electronic submission system that you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. When submitting an electronic version of their manuscript when the uploading is complete, the system automatically generates an electronic (PDF) proof, which is then used for reviewing. All correspondence, including the Editor's decision and request for revisions, will be communicated by e-mail.
Preparation of manuscripts
1. Manuscripts should be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscripts checked by an English-speaking colleague prior to submission.
2. Manuscripts should be typewritten, typed on one side of the paper (with numbered lines), with wide margins and double spacing throughout, i.e. also for abstracts, footnotes and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc. should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Avoid excessive usage of italics to emphasize part of the text.
3. Manuscripts in general should be organized in the following order:
Title (should be clear, descriptive and concise)
Name(s) of author(s)
Complete postal address(es) of affiliations
Full telephone, E-mail and fax number of the corresponding author
Present address(es) of author(s) if applicable
Complete correspondence address to which the proofs should be sent
Abstract (abstract should be clear,descriptive and not longer than 250 words).
Key words (indexing terms), normally 3-6 items
Materials and methods (Material studied, area descriptions, methods, techniques)
Acknowledgements and any additional information concerning research grants, etc.
4. In typing the manuscript, titles and subtitles should not be run within the text. They should be typed on a separate line, without indentation. Use lower-case letter type.
5. SI units should be used.
1. Authors should take notice of the limitations set by the size and lay-out of the journal. Large tables should be avoided. Reversing columns and rows will often reduce the dimensions of a table.
2. If many data are to be presented, an attempt should be made to divide them over two or more tables.
3. Tables should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables.
4. Each table should be typewritten on a separate page of the manuscript. Tables should never be included in the text.
5. Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.
6. Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.
7. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.
8. Any explanation essential to the understanding of the table should be given as a footnote at the bottom of the table.
Preparation of electronic illustrations. Submitting your artwork in an electronic format helps us to produce your work to the best possible standards, ensuring accuracy, clarity and a high level of detail. General points• Always supply high-quality printouts of your artwork, in case conversion of the electronic artwork is problematic. • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.• Save text in illustrations as "graphics" or enclose the font.• Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Helvetica, Times and Symbol.• Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.• Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files, and supply a separate listing of the files and the software used.• Provide all illustrations as separate files and as hardcopy printouts on separate sheets.• Provide captions to illustrations separately.• Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version• Submit colour illustrations as original photographs, high-quality computer prints or transparencies, close to the size expected in publication, or as 35 mm slides. Polaroid colour prints are not suitableThis journal offers electronic submission services and graphic files can be uploaded.
Provide all illustrations as high-quality printouts, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without retouching. Number illustrations consecutively in the order in which they are referred to in the text. They should accompany the manuscript, but should not be included within the text. Clearly mark all illustrations on the back (or - in case of line drawings - on the lower front side) with the figure number and the author's name and, in cases of ambiguity, the correct orientation. Mark the appropriate position of a figure in the article.
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions on a separate sheet, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
Authors will be charged for including colour illustrations in the printed version at the following rates and are encouraged only to consider colour if necessary for clarity or comprehension: 1st page: Euro 100. Every 2nd page: Euro 50.
1. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of author's names and dates are exactly the same in the text as in the reference list.
2. In the text refer to the author's name (without initial) and year of publication. Examples: "Since Jackson (1988) has shown that..." "This is in agreement with results obtained later (Austick, 1993)".
3. If reference is made in the text to a publication written by more than two authors the name of the first author should be used followed by "et al.". This indication, however, should never be used in the list of references. In this list names of first author and co-authors should be mentioned.
4. References cited together in the text should be arranged chronologically. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically on authors' names, and chronologically per author. If an author's name in the list is also mentioned with co-authors the following order should be used: publications of the single author, arranged according to publication dates –publications of the same author with one co-author – publications of the author with more than one co-author. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 1993a, 1993b, etc.
5. Use the following system for arranging your references:
a. For periodicals
Tillman R.W., D.R. Scotter, B.E. Clothier and R.E. White. 1991. Solute transport during intermittent water flow in a field soil and some implications for irrigation and fertilizer application. Agricultural Water Management, 20: 119-133.
b. For edited symposia, special issues, etc. published in a periodical
Iwata M., T. Hirano and S. Hasegawa. 1982. Behavior and plasma sodium regulation of chum salmon fry during transition into seawater. In: Bern, H.A., Mahnken, C.V.W. (Eds.), Salmonid Smoltification. Proceedings of a Symposium, 29 June-1 July 1981, at La Jolla, CA, U.S.A. Aquaculture 28, 133-142.
c. For books
Bartik M., A. Piskač. 1981. Veterinary Toxicology, Developments in Animal and Veterinary Sciences. 7. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
d. For multi-author books
Vermeer J.G., J.H.J. Joosten. 1992. Conservation and management of bog and fen reserves in the Netherlands. In: Verhoeven, J.T.A. (Ed.), Fens and Bogs in The Netherlands: Vegetation, History, Nutrient Dynamics and Conservation. Geobotany, 18. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 433-478.
e. For unpublished reports, departmental notes, etc.
Dickson J.W., J.K. Henshall, M.F. O'Sullivan and B.D. Soane. 1979. Compaction effects under commercial and experimental cage wheels in comparison with rubber types on loose soil. Scot. Inst. Agric. Eng., Dep. Note SIN/261 (unpubl.) 9 pp.
6. In the case of publications in any language other than English, the original title is to be retained. However, the titles of publications in non-Latin alphabets should be transliterated, and a notation such as "(in Russian)" or "(in Greek, with English abstract)" should be added.
1. Formulae should be typewritten, if possible. Leave ample space around the formulae.
2. Subscripts and superscripts should be clear.
3. Greek letters and other non-Latin or handwritten symbols should be explained in the margin where they are first used. Take special care to show clearly the difference between zero (0) and the letter O, and between one (1) and the letter l.
4. Give the meaning of all symbols immediately after the equation in which they are first used.
5. For simple fractions use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line.
6. Equations should be numbered serially at the right-hand side in parentheses. In general only equations explicitly referred to in the text need be numbered.
7. The use of fractional powers instead of root signs is recommended. Also powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp.
8. Levels of statistical significance which can be mentioned without further explanation are * P<0.05, ** P<0.01 and *** P<0.001.
9. In chemical formula ,valence of ions should be given as e.g, Ca2+ and not as Ca++.
10. Isotope numbers should precede the symbols, e.g., 18O.
11. The repeated writing of chemical formulae in the text is to be avoided where reasonably possible; instead, the name of the compound should be given in full. Exceptions may be made in the case of a very long name occurring very frequently or in the case of a compound being described as the end product of a gravimetric determination (e.g., phosphate as P2O5).
1. Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. In most cases it should be possible to incorporate the information in normal text.
2. If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers, and kept as short as possible.
1. Authors and editors are, by general agreement, obliged to accept the rules governing biological nomenclature, as laid down in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.
2. All biota (crops, plants, insects, birds, mammals, etc.) should be identified by their scientific names when the English term is first used, with the exception of common domestic animals.
3. All biocides and other organic compounds must be identified by their Geneva names when first used in the text. Active ingredients of all formulations should be likewise identified.
4. For chemical nomenclature, the conventions of the International ::union:: of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the official recommendations of the IUPAC-IUB Combined Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature should be followed.
1. An author, when quoting from someone else's work or when considering reproducing an illustration or table from a book or journal article, should make sure that he/she is not infringing a copyright.
2 Although in general an author may quote from other published works,he/she should obtain permission from the holder of the copyright if he wishes to make substantial extracts or to reproduce tables, plates, or other illustrations. If the copyright-holder is not the author of the quoted or reproduced material, it is recommended that the permission of the author should also be sought.
3. Material in unpublished letters and manuscripts is also protected and must not be published unless permission has been obtained.
4. A suitable acknowledgement of any borrowed material must always be made.
One set of proofs will be sent to the corresponding author as given on the title page of the manuscript. Only typesetter's errors may be corrected; no changes in, or additions to, the edited manuscript will be allowed.
The Journal will do everything possible to get your article corrected and published as quickly and accurately as possible. Therefore, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Subsequent corrections will not be possible, so please ensure your first sending is complete.
The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail or, alternatively, 10 free paper offprints will be supplied. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use.
Journal of Research in Agricultural Science has no page charges